Impact on Breeding Dogs


Inhumane breeding facilities disregard the welfare of the dogs in order to maintain a low overhead and maximize profits from selling puppies.

Inhumane breeding facilities maximize their profits by treating female dogs like puppy-producing machines instead of living, feeling beings whose lives matter. They begin breeding the dogs too young, and continue breeding them, without sufficient time for recuperation between litters. This places extreme stress on these dogs’ bodies. When the dogs’ fertility declines, the animals are often inhumanely killed.

To save space and housing costs, inhumane breeders may confine the animals in cages or tether them outdoors without adequate shelter from the heat, cold or other weather. The cages and other confinement facilities are tiny, and the animals lack the opportunity to play, exercise, or experience proper social interaction.

The cages usually contain wire flooring that allows feces to drop through for easy clean-up. That wire flooring is harmful to the dog’s legs and paws. To further reduce space, cages may be stacked, which means excrement and urine fall onto animals in the cages below.

Finally, animals housed indoors in cages sometimes inhale uncomfortably high levels of ammonia due to the buildup of urine and waste in poorly maintained rooms with inadequate ventilation.  

LoR is currently supporting research to better understand the needs of breeding dogs and advocate for their welfare.