Impact on Puppies


Even before the pups are born, the breeder impacts the end result in numerous ways.

Inhumane breeders may fail to screen their breeding dogs for genetic diseases or provide mother dogs and puppies with adequate veterinary care, resulting in sick puppies being adopted by unsuspecting consumers. Furthermore, research suggests that puppies born to sick or stressed mothers, those taken away from their mothers too early, and those who endure long-distance travel early in their life on their way to pet stores or other drop off points suffer significant physical and psychological trauma with long-term effects. 

For example, to save housing costs, inhumane breeders may confine the animals in cages or tether them outdoors without adequate shelter from the heat, cold or other weather.  Animals housed indoors in cages sometimes inhale uncomfortably high levels of ammonia due to the build-up of urine and waste in poorly maintained rooms with inadequate ventilation.  Either way, the cages and other confinement facilities are tiny and the animals lack the opportunity to play, exercise, or experience proper social interaction.

To further reduce the space allowance per dog, cages may be stacked, and usually contain wire flooring that is meant to allow feces to drop through for easy clean-up.  However, when the cages are stacked, excrement and urine fall onto animals in the cages below. In addition, the wire flooring is harmful to the dog’s legs and paws. The Humane Society or the United States has published a report with more information on the problems with grid and wire flooring.